How does a Dentist Diagnose Gum Disease?

When diagnosing gum disease, the following symptoms are important for your doctor:

  • Swollen gums
  • Tenderness or bleeding
  • Loose teeth
  • Extra sensitivity
  • Receding gumline
  • Halitosis or bad breath

During the exam, other symptoms will be evaluated such as red gums, swelling, and sores on the soft tissue. A periodontal probe will measure the pockets in the gums surrounding the teeth. Healthy gums will measure at a length of 1 to 3 millimeters. A higher length may indicate potential gum disease. X-rays can be conducted to reveal bone loss caused by diseased.

If there is even a small sign hinting at periodontal infection, you must contact your dentist for an examination and treatment. Treating infections early means you are less likely to need invasive procedures.

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