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Everything You Should Know About Periodontitis

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Periodontitis is chronic inflammatory gum disease. Bacterial microorganisms and lack of dental care are its common causes. The result is a severe gum infection that damages the soft tissue. If left untreated, periodontitis can destroy the bone that supports your teeth, loosen your teeth, and causes tooth loss. In other words, it damages your periodontium, which comprises all the parts that hold the tooth in the jawbone. These include the bone, the gum (gingiva), the anchoring fibres, and the anchoring structure on the root surface (cementum). A person with good oral health has periodontium surrounding the entire root.

What are the symptoms of periodontitis?

In most cases, periodontitis begins with a plaque in your mouth and advances with poor dental care. Here are a few symptoms to know if it is time to seek periodontics treatment.

  • Puffy or swollen gums
  • Purplish, raw pink, or bright red gums
  • Bleeding and tenderness in gums
  • Blood spots on the toothbrush while or after brushing
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Bad breath
  • Pain while chewing
  • Loose teeth or loss of teeth
  • Gap developing between your teeth
  • Receding gums

How to prevent periodontal disease?

It is simple. Brush and floss regularly to remove the bacteria that cause gum disease. Visit your dentist at least once every six months for check-ups. Take immediate steps to investigate in case you have any of the symptoms mentioned above.

What more should I know about periodontal disease?

Here are a few facts about the periodontal disease that you should know.

1. Periodontitis affects your overall health

Research has linked gum diseases such as periodontitis to diabetes, kidney and heart disease, asthma, Alzheimer’s, osteoporosis, and cancer. Oral health problems are associated with 120 health conditions. However, more research is needed to establish a clear cause-and-effect relationship between oral health and many of these health conditions.

2. Spreads from mother to fetus

Periodontitis affecting the fetus is still a surprise to many. Hormonal changes during pregnancy increase the risk of the expecting mother developing gingivitis (inflammation of the gum tissue) and periodontal disease. Research indicates that these oral problems are linked to low birth weight of the baby, preeclampsia, and premature birth. Pregnant women should maintain oral hygiene and go for oral health check-ups regularly.

3. Gingivitis is a warning sign

Periodontitis typically progresses from gingivitis. Gingivitis is a common gum disease that causes swollen gums with a pinkish-red tinge at the base of your teeth. However, sometimes periodontitis may come on with little to no signs, especially in its early stages. Without treatment, gingivitis advances to periodontitis. Is gingivitis treatable? Yes! It is treatable and preventable. Consult your dentist for gingivitis treatment. Prevention is easy with daily dental care and routine dental examinations.

Is periodontitis contagious?

In rare cases, periodontitis can spread from one person to another. You can catch the disease if you come in mouth-to-mouth contact with a person suffering from periodontitis, especially when you have a weak immune system.

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